Camp Milton Historic Preserve protects and interprets what remains of what was once a bustling military encampment near Baldwin during the Civil War. In fact, it was the Confederacy’s largest and strongest field fortification in Florida.
First manned in 1862 for Governor Milton, it continued to enjoy a strategic position near the junction of Florida’s major railroads throughout the Civil War.
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Length: 2.4 mile loop
Trailhead: 30.3343, -81.8687
Address: 1225 Halsema Road N Jacksonville FL 32220
Restroom: Adjoining the Jacksonville-Baldwin Trail
Land manager: City of Jacksonville Parks
Open 9 AM to 5 PM. Leashed dogs permitted. Bicycles permitted on paved trails.
Cyclists can reach the Jacksonville-Baldwin Rail Trail from the parking area by following Halsema Road north briefly or by riding Trail Road to the Rail Trail Connector.
Metal detecting or removal of ANY archaeological artifacts is not allowed.
From Interstate 10 exit 351, Whitehouse, take Chaffee Rd north to US 90. Turn left and follow US 90 west for 1.3 miles to Halsema Rd. Turn right and drive north on Halsema Rd for 1.7 miles to the trailhead on the right.
From the parking area, follow the broad Trail Road straight ahead. It is flanked by oaks that will provide an avenue of shade as they grow.
Cone-shaped concrete markers note the locations of campfires discovered, reminders of the nearly 8,000 soldiers that were stationed here.
The Earthworks Trail runs 0.7 miles out from the first trail junction across a boardwalk and into the forest along McGirts Creek.
It’s here that it follows a boardwalk and encircles earthworks built to protect the camp.
Along this accessible spur trail, you’ll find many interpretive signs regards life during the Civil War and the strategic importance of this location.
When you return back to the Trail Road, turn right. Keep left at the next junction.
This is the American Forest Trail, leading to a living time capsule of sorts that we’ve seen nowhere else. It’s an arboretum that recalls major figures and events from the Civil War.
Each of the trees in this arboretum were sprouted from a seed or cutting of a tree at a historically significant site.
They include a sycamore from the plantation where Robert E. Lee was born, and the honeylocust tree that stood closest to President Lincoln during his Gettysburg Address.
It’s an unusual way to tell the story of the Civil War while preserving the genetic heritage of those trees that survived the battles of more than 150 years ago.
Many placards are duplicated multiple times in different places in the park, as multiple trees were grown from the same genetic stock. A good idea, as it’s obvious some didn’t do well in Florida soil.
Following the paved path through the arboretum, you’ll find one branch of it leading to the creek and a replica campaign bridge that “might have been here.”
From it, you can see McGirts Creek, the water source for Camp Milton. Return to the other branch of the trail.
Cross a wetland and wander through the hardwood forest to end up at the park’s restrooms at its connection with the Jacksonville-Baldwin Trail, where the ever-so strategic railroad ran during the Civil War.
Return back the way you came, but this time follow the Trail Road past the historic Harvey Farm. The farmhouse is not original to this location.
It was moved here from Whitehouse Field for preservation. A reconstructed farmstead surrounds this original piece of Duval County history.
Walk past the farmstead up Trail Road to the trailhead. A full ramble of this accessible historic preserve will tally 2.4 miles.
A walk-through of the historic site.
See our photos of Camp Milton
Learn more about the history of Camp Milton
More worth exploring while you’re in this area.
Jacksonville-Baldwin Rail Trail
Following a historic railroad route that sparked the Battle of Olustee during the Civil War, the Jacksonville-Baldwin Rail Trail spans 14.6 miles from Jacksonville to Baldwin
Cary State Forest
Protecting more than 20 square miles of forest northwest of Jacksonville, Cary State Forest has over 20 miles of marked trails for hiking, biking, and equestrian use
Cary Nature Trail
In the vast mosaic of pines and cypress swamp west of Jacksonville protected by Cary State Forest, the 1.4 mile Cary Nature Trail makes a great family outing
Simmons State Forest
With more than 3600 acres along the St. Marys River, Simmons State Forest offers nearly 12 miles of hiking in a botanically significant basin on Florida’s border with Georgia.