At Fernandina Plaza State Park, civilizations have made their mark here for more than 4,000 years, with the Spanish touch reaching these shores in the mid-1600s. This unassuming open space marks the spot of Plaza San Carlos, a parade ground for the fortress that protected a fledgling city known as Fernandina.
Location: Fernandina Beach
Open: 8 AM until sunset daily
Leashed pets welcome
Tell-tale oyster shells spill down the side of this tall bluff overlooking Cumberland Island, Georgia across the St. Marys River, sharing the secret that this is no ordinary bluff, but a midden – an ancient trash heap.
Explore the side streets to see historic homes that are part of the old town, the town that moved off the bluff at the urging of railroad magnate and Florida senator David Yulee in the mid-1800s, as he wanted his railroad to end not just at a deep-water port, but a thriving commercial center.